1. E Hyera, J A Kajuna, A S Nguluma, L J Marwa, C J Niyoifasha, M E Mlimbe, A P Rugaimukamu, P M Latonga, P O Ochanga, E J M Shirima, M S H Mashingo1 and Z C Nziku. (2018).On-station comparison study on growth performance of Red Maasai and Black Head Persian lambs in Northern Tanzania. http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd30/9/ehyer30156.html
  2. E Hyera, M E Mlimbe, J D Sanka1, M G Minja, A P Rugaimukamu, P M Latonga, E G Mbembela, A S Nguluma, Z C Nziku, M S H Mashingo1 and E J M Shirima. (2018) On-station growth performance evaluation of Small East African and dual purpose goat breeds in Northern Tanzania. http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd30/9/ehyer30159.html
  3. Mwemezi Lutakyawa Kabululua,⁎, Helena Aminiel Ngowi, Sharadhuli Iddi Kimera, Faustin Paul Lekuled, Eliakunda Casmir Kimbi, Maria Vang Johansene, Effectiveness of an integrated intervention in the control of endo- and ectoparasites of pigs kept by smallholder farmers in Mbeya rural and Mbozi districts, Tanzania. Veterinary Parasitology: www.elsevier.com/locate/vprsr
  4. Shirima, E.J.M., Kiango, S.N., Maro, E.P. and Chiweka, N.C. E. (2017). The effects of a short-term increase in days in feedlot on the body conditions score, meat yield and tenderness in Tanzanian Long Fat-tailed sheep. International Journal of Applied Research. Accepted, Ref. No. AR:2-12-77: allreserachjournal.com
  5. Shirima, E.J.M., Nsiima, M.P.L., Mwilawa, A.J., Temu, J., Michael, S. and Mlau, D.S. (2016). Evaluation of carcass characteristics and slaughter value from traditional beef cattle in six abattoirs of Tanzania. Journal of Scientific Research & Reports 10(2):1-8, DOI: 10.9734/JSRR/2016/22397.  http://www.sciencedomain.org/page.php?id=article-reprints
  6. Shirima,J.M., Mtenga, L.A., Kimambo, A.E., Laswai, G.H., Mgheni, D.M., Mushi, D.E., Shija, D.S. and Safari, J.G. (2014). Influence of age at entry and level of concentrate feeding on growth and carcass characteristics of feedlot-finished Tanzanian long-fat-tailed sheep. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 46:815-822; https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11250-014-0570-0
  7. Shirima, E.J.M., Mtenga, L.A., Kimambo, A.E., Laswai, G.H., Mgheni, D.M., Mushi, D.E., Shija, D.S. and Safari, J.G. (2013). Effects of days in feedlot on physico-chemical properties and meat tenderness from Tanzanian long fat-tailed sheep.  Journal of Animal Production Advances, 3(2):40-48.
  8. Shirima, E.J.M., Mtenga, L.A., Kimambo, A.E., Laswai, G.H., Mushi, D.E., Mgheni, D.M., Safari, J.G. and Shija, D.S. (2012). Preliminary evaluation of slaughter and carcass traits of castrates of Tanzanian long fat-tailed sheep slaughtered at different ages. Journal of Animal Production Advances, 2(12):510-520.
  9. Shirima, E.J.M. and Mtenga, L.A. (2012). Comparative analysis of retail cuts, muscle physico-chemical properties and meat tenderness of indigenous sheep finished off under feedlot conditions. The International Journal’s. Research Journal of Science & IT Management, RJSITM, 1(12):65-73.
  10. Shirima, E.J.M., Mtenga, L.A., Kimambo, A.E., Laswai, H., Mgheni, D.M.,  Mkwanda, A.T. and Lemoringata, T.S.  (2012). Effects of period of  stay in feedlot on growth performance and carcass characteristics of Tanzanian long fat-tailed sheep. (Published in:  Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 24, Article #37. Retrieved January 30, 2013, from http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd24/2/shir24037.htm.
  11. Shirima, E.J.M, Mtenga, L.A., Kimambo, A.E., Laswai, G.H., Mgheni, D.M., Mushi, D.E., Shija, D.S. and Safari, J.G. (2012): Economic analysis of Tanzanian long fat-tailed sheep with different ages at entry to the feedlot and level of molasses concentrate diet. (Published in: Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 24, Article #143. Retrieved January 30,  2013, from http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd24/8/shir24143.htm).
  12. Shirima, EJM. (2005). Benefits from dual-purpose goats for crop and livestock production under Small-scale peasant systems in Kondoa Eroded Areas, Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development 17 (12) 2005. http://www.cipav.org.co/lrrd/lrrd17/12/shiri17138.htm.
  13. Shirima, E.J.M., Msanga, Y.N., Bee, J., Msangi, B., Masuki, K and Mwakalonge, H. (2004). Improvement of local Goats for Meat and Milk Production by crossbreeding with Dual-purpose bucks (Blended x Anglonubian) in smallholder mixed farming systems in villages from Muheza and Handeni districts, Ministry of Water and Livestock Development, Livestock Research Centre Tanga, Tanzania.  Station report for MOWLD/TARP II, 2004.
  14. Shirima, E.J.M., Njau, F.B.C., Buza, T.J. and Kyamanywa, R.S. (2001). Cassava-like tree (Manihot glaziovii) in combating fodder, vegetable and fuel wood shortage in rural communities: It’s potential uses and limitations in semi-arid areas of central Tanzania. Discovery and Innovation Journal (Special Edition) on Capacity Building in Forestry Research pp. 90 – 97.
  15. Hozza, W.A., Mtenga, L.A., Kifaro, G.C., Shija, D.S.N., Mushi, D.E., Safari, J.G. and Shirima, E.J.M. (2014). Meat  quality characteristics of Small East Africa goats and Norwegian crosses finished under  small scale farming  Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 27(12):1773-1782.
  16. Kavana, P.Y., Msangi, B.S.J., Msanga, Y,N., Shirima, E.J.M. and Bee, J.K.A. (2006). An endeavour to increase shelf life of milk from isolated traditional livestock keepers in Eastern Zone of Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Article # http://www.cipav.org.co/lrrd/lrrd18/07/kava/18099.htm
  17. Nsiima, L.M., Shirima, J.M., Mwilawa, A.J., Shengoto, R., Muro,  H.S., Bikuba,  S.L. and  Masakia,  E. (2015). Reality in Live Animal and Carcass Characteristics of Indigenous Cattle Slaughtered in Six Abattoirs in Tanzania. Journal of Animal Production Advances, 5(3):617-623. doi:10.5455/japa.20150221035412
  18. Shija, D.S., Mtenga, L.A., Kimambo, A.E., Laswai, G.H., Mushi, D.E., Mgheni, D.M., Mwilawa, A.J., Shirima, E.J.M. and Safari, J.G.  (2013). Preliminary evaluation of slaughter value and carcass composition of indigenous sheep and goats from traditional production system in Tanzania. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 26(1):143-150.
  19. Shija, D.S., Mtenga, L.A., Kimambo, A.E., Laswai, G.H., Mushi, D.E., Mgheni, D.M.,  Mwilawa, A.J.,  Shirima, E.J.M.  and  Safari, J.G.  (2013). Chemical Composition and Meat Quality Attributes of  Indigenous Sheep and Goats from  Traditional Production System in Tanzania.  Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences  26(2):295-302.
  20. Tekie, G., Masaoa, A.P., Shayo, C.M.,Ulotu, H.A. and Shirima, E.J.M. (1996). Zero grazing, an alternative system for livestock production in the rehabilitated areas of Kondoa-Tanzania. Annual  Conference Meeting,  Regional Soil Conservation  Unit (RSCU), Sida-Nairobi. http://www.worldagroforestry.org/downloads/Publications/PDFS/b12897.pdf. ISBN 9966-896-27-9
  21. Urassa, N.S., Mvena, Z.S.K. and Shirima, E.M. (2017). Extent to which Cell Phones Enhance Market Information Sharing for Beef Cattle Smallholders in Mpwapwa District, Tanzania. The International Journal Of Humanities & Social Studies, 5(3):159-167. theijhss.com.
  22. Kizima J B, Mtengeti E.J and Nchimbi-Msolla S (2015).: Seed yield and vegetation characteristics of Cenchrus Ciliarisas influenced by fertilizer levels, row spacing, cutting height and season: Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 26, Article #148. http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd26/8/kizi26148.htm
  23. Kizima J B, Mtengeti E J and Nchimbi-Msolla S (2013): Viability status of Cenchrus ciliaris seeds in the three farms of the sub-humid eastern agro-ecological zone of Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 25, Article #85:http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd25/5/kizi25085.htm
  24. Y. Kavana, J.B. Kizima and Y.N. Msanga (2005). Evaluation of grazing pattern and Sustainability of feed resources in pastoral areas of eastern zone of Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Vol. 17, Art # 5.http://www.cipav.org.co/lrrd/lrrd 17/1/kava17005.htm
  25. Kavana P Y, Kizima J B, Msanga Y N, Kilongozi N B, Msangi B S J, Kadeng’uka L A, Mngulu S and Shimba P K (2005): Potential of pasture and forage for ruminant production in Eastern zone of Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 17, Article        #144.  http://www.cipav.org.co/lrrd/lrrd17/12/kava17144.htm 
  26. Kuwi, S.O; Martina Kyalo; Collins Mutai; Angelo Mwilawa; Jean Hanson; Appolinaire Djikeng and Sita Ghimire. BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY. Genetic diversity and population structure of Brachiaria accessions from Tanzania using simple sequence repeats (SSR).
  27. Urassa, N.S., Mvena, Z.S.K and Shirima, E.M. (2017). The International Journal of Humanities & Social Studies (Theijhss) Volume 5 Issue3 March 2017 (157-169) http://www.theijhss.com Extent to which Cell phones Enhance Market Information Sharing for Beef Cattle Smallholders in Mpwapwa District, Tanzania
  28. Urassa, N.S. and Mvena, Z.S.K (2016 Huria Journal of Open University of Tanzania (Journal) Volume 22 http://www.out.ac.tz Determinants of the Use of Cell phones in Access to Beef Cattle Market Information for Smallholders in Mpwapwa District, Tanzania
  29. Komwihangilo, D.M., Meutchieye, F .and Urassa, N.S., Chang’a E. Kasilima, C. and Msaka, L.F. (2016).. Huria Journal of Open University of Tanzania (Journal) Volume 22 http://www.out.ac.tz Non Conventional Livestock for Better Livelihood: Prospects of Domestic Cavy in Mixed Production Systems of Tanzania
  30. Urassa, N.S. and Mvena, Z.S.K (2016). Journal of Continuing Education and Extension (JCEE), Volume 6, Issue 1, 2016. http://www.suanet.ac.tz The use of cellphones in sharing market information among beef cattle smallholders in Mpwapwa District
  31. Kizima J B, Mtengeti E.J and Nchimbi-Msolla S (2015). Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 26, Article #148.  http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd26/8/kizi26148.htm Seed yield and vegetation characteristics of Cenchrus Ciliaris as influenced by fertilizer levels, row spacing, cutting height and season
  32. Kizima J B, Mtengeti E J and Nchimbi-Msolla S (2013): Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 25, Article #85  http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd25/5/kizi25085.htm Viability status of Cenchrus ciliaris seeds in the three farms of the sub-humid eastern agro-ecological zone of Tanzania
  33. P.Y. Kavana, J.B. Kizima and Y.N. Msanga (2005). Livestock  Research for Rural Development. Vol. 17, Art # 5. http://www.cipav.org.co/lrrd/lrrd 17/1/kava17005.htm Evaluation of grazing pattern and   Sustainability of feed resources in pastoral areas of eastern zone of Tanzania.
  34. Kavana P Y, Kizima J B, Msanga Y N, Kilongozi N B, Msangi B S J, Kadeng’uka L A, Mngulu S and Shimba P K (2005): Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 17, Article     #144.  http://www.cipav.org.co/lrrd/lrrd17/12/kava17144.htmPotential of pasture and forage for ruminant production in Eastern zone of Tanzania
  35. Nziku Z C, Kifaro G C, Eik L O, Steine T and Ådnøy T 2017: Use of simulation to examine a dairy goat breeding program in Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 29, Article #43. Retrieved March 17, 2017, from http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd29/3/czab29043.html
  36. Nziku Z. C. (2016). Essentials for sustainable dairy goat breeding program in Tanzania. Thesis submitted in partial fulfilment for the degree of Philosophiae Doctor (PhD) of Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway.
  37. Nziku, Z. C., Kifaro, G.C., Eik, L.O., Steine, T. and Ådnøy, T. (2016). Reasons for keeping dairy goats in Tanzania, and possible goals for a sustainable breeding program. Animal Production Science 57(2) 2017
  38. Nziku ZC, Katule A, Chenyambuga SW and Mruttu H, 2016. The Reasons, Herd Characteristics and Management of Indigenous Gogo Sheep in Central Tanzania. RRJVS| Volume 2 | Issue 2 | 8-12.From https://www.rroij.com/open-access/the-reasons-herd-characteristics-and-management-of-indigenousgogo-sheep-in-central-tanzania-.php?aid=76495
  39. Nziku, Z. C., Asheim, L. J., Eik, L. O. & Mwaseba, D. (2016). Climate change adaptation in vulnerable crop and livestock production systems in Mgeta, Tanzania. Vol 16 (2):10853-10865
  40. S. N. Masola, A. Mzula, C. J. Kasanga and P. N. Wambura (2016). Evaluation of Virulence of Tanzanian Strains of Fowlpox and Pigeonpox Viruses in Chickens.  British Biotechnology Journal, 10(1): 1-10
  41. Shirima, G. M., Masola, S. N., Malangu, O. N., and Schumaker, B. A (2014). Outbreak investigation and control case report of brucellosis: Experience from Livestock Research Centre, Mpwapwa, Tanzania. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, 81(1) Art.#818, 4pages.http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v81i1.818
  42. Misinzo G, C. Mathew, R. Matondo, F. Jumapili, M. Ludosha, S. Masola, W. Munisi, W. Viaene, and J. van Doorsselaere (2012). Pathogenic Escherichia fergusonii and Staphylococcus gallinarum co-infection in a free-ranging domestic chicken. Research Opinions in Animal & Veterinary Sciences, 2(5): 324-328.
  43. S. N. Masola, R. D. Mosha and P. N. Wambura (2009). Assessment of antimicrobial activity of crude extracts from stem and root barks of Adansonia digitata (Bombacaceae) (African baobab). African Journal of Biotechnology, 8(19): 5076-5083.
  44. Höggel U, Mbwile R, Mwambene P.L. (2015). Pastoralists and farmers: negotiating resources. In: Ehrensperger A, Ott C, Wiesmann U, editors. Eastern and Southern Africa Partnership Programme: Highlights from 15 Years of Joint Action for Sustainable Development. Bern, Switzerland: Centre for Development and Environment, pp. 43 – 47.
  45. Mwambene, P.L., Chawala, A., E Illatsia, E., Das, S.M., Tungu, B. and Loina, R. (2014). Preliminary evaluation of prospects of selected indigenous cattle populations for improving dairy production in the Southern Highlands and Eastern of Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development Journal, 26: 27-44. Volume 26, Article #46 (http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd26/3/mwam26046.html)
  46. Mwambene, P.L., Chawala, A., E Illatsia, E., Das, S.M., Tungu, B. and Loina, R. (2014). Preliminary evaluation of prospects of selected indigenous cattle populations for improving dairy production in the Southern Highlands and Eastern of Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development Journal, 26: 27-44. Volume 26, Article #46 (http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd26/3/mwam26046.html)
  47. Mwambene P. L., Mwakilembe P.A.A., Mwaipopo L., Temu A., Ngailo J., Mzimbiri M. and Mwanga A. (2014). Improving Livelihoods of Smallholder Farmers through Integration of Dairying-Soil Fertility Technologies in Rungwe and Mbeya Rural Districts, in Mbeya region. In: The Proceedings of the collaborative research workshop organized By the Southern Highlands Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Fund (ASDP), ARI -Uyole, March 2014, Volume I: Livestock Research Commodity
  48. Mwambene, P.L., Katule, A.M., Chenyambuga, S.W., Plante, Y. and Mwakilembe, P.A.A. (2012). Fipa cattle in the South-Western Highlands of Tanzania: Molecular Characterization. Animal Genetic Resources, Vol 51: 31 doi:10.1017/S2078633612000392
  49. Mwambene, P.L., Katule, A.M., Chenyambuga, S.W. and Mwakilembe, P.A.A. (2012). Fipa cattle in the South-Western Highlands of Tanzania: Morphometric and Physical Characteristics. Animal Genetic Resources, Vol 51: 15 doi:10.1017/S2078633612000136
  50. Mwambene, P.L., Katule, A.M., Chenyambuga, S.W. and Mwakilembe, P.A.A. (2012). Fipa Cattle in the South-Western Highlands of Tanzania: Socio-economic Roles, Traditional Management Practices and Production Constraints. Animal Genetic Resources, Vol 51: 1 doi:10.1017/S2078633612000112
  51. Mwambene, P.L., Katule, A.M., Chenyambuga, S.W. and Mwakilembe, P.A.A. (2012). Fipa Cattle in the South-Western Highlands of Tanzania: Desired Attributes, Breeding Practices and Productive Performance. Animal Genetic Resources, Vol 51: 45 doi:10.1017/S2078633612000124
  52. Guni, F. S. and Katule, A. M. (2013). Characterization of local chickens in selected districts of the Southern Highlands of Tanzania: I. Qualitative characters; Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 25, Article #153 http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd25/9/guni25153.htm
  53. Guni, F. S., Katule, A. M. and Mwakilembe, P.A.A. (2013). Characterization of local chickens in selected districts of the Southern Highlands of Tanzania: II. Production and Morphometric Traits; Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 25, Article #190.http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd25/11/guni25190.htm
  54. Mwemezi Lutakyawa Kabululu, Helena Aminiel Ngowi, Sharadhuli Iddi Kimera, Faustin Paul Lekule, Eliakunda Casmir Kimbi and Maria Vang Johansen (2016). Risk factors for prevalence of pig parasitoses in Mbeya Region, Tanzania. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2015.08.006
  55. Uffe Christian Braae, Mwemezi Kabululu, Michelle Elisabeth Nørmark, Peter Nejsum, Helena Aminel Ngowi and Maria Vang Johansen (2016). Taenia hydatigena cysticercosis in slaughtered pigs, goats, and sheep in Tanzania. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-015-0892-6
  56. Wilson Charles Wilson, Simon J Oosting, Simon Nyokabi (2017). Assessment of milk quality along the dairy value chain in Mbeya and Songwe region, southern highlands of Tanzania. Wageningen University and Research, Animal Production System Group, the Netherlands
  57. Wilson Charles Wilson, Egbert Lantinga, Kees van Reenen (2017). Comparative evaluation of the behaviour of Holstein-Friesian and Jersey cows under European pasture-based management systems. Wageningen University and Research, Animal Production System Group, the Netherlands
  58. Germinus Bahati Tungu, George Cesilius Kifaro, Angaza Amos Gimbi, Maria Mashingo and Athumani Shabani Nguluma. (2017)   Effect of genetic and non-genetic factors on growth and reproduction performance of Black Head Persian and Red Masai Sheep in Tanzania. www.veterinarypaper.com.  ISSN: 2456-2912, VL; 2(5): 04-10.
  59. Komwihangilo, D.M., Goromela, E.H and Bwire, J.M.N. (1995) Indigenous knowledge in utilisation of local trees and shrubs for sustainable livestock production in Central Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Vol. 6 No. 3. www.cipav.org/co/lrrd6/3/7.htm
  60. Komwihangilo, D.M., Sendalo, D.S.C., Lekule, F.P., Mtenga, L.A. and Temu, V.K. (2001). Farmers’ knowlegde in the utilisation of indigenous browse species for feeding of goats in semi arid central Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Vol. 13 No.6. http://www.cipav.org.co/lrrd/lrrd13/6/komw136.htm
  61. Komwihangilo, D.M., Chenyambuga, S.W., Lekule, F.P., Mtenga, L.A. and V.R.M. Muhikambele (2005). Comparison of indigenous browses and sunflower seed cake supplementations on intake and growth performance of dual-purpose goats fed Buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris) hay. AsianAustralasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 18(7): 966 – 972.
  62. Komwihangilo, D.M., Chenyambuga, S.W., Temu V.W. and D. Mushi (2005). Developments and challenges for sustainable productivity of goats in mixed production systems of East Africa. Annals of Arid Zone 44(3/4): 297-314
  63. Komwihangilo, D.M., Chenyambuga, S.W., Temu V.W. and D. Mushi (2005). Developments and challenges for sustainable productivity of goats in mixed production systems of East Africa. Annals of Arid Zone 44(3/4): 297-314
  64. Komwihangilo, D.M., Lekule, F.P., Kajembe, G.C. and P.H. Petersen (2007). The role of local knowledge in mixed livestock production systems: Methodology and implications for research and development in Sub-Saharan Africa. Outlook on Agriculture: 36 (3): 187 – 192
  65. Komwihangilo, D.M., Lekule, F.P.,  Kajembe, G.C., Mgheni, D.M. and Petersen, P.H. (2007). Implications of local knowledge in the utilization of forage resources in mixed livestock systems of Eastern Tanzania. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability 5 (4): 269 – 279
  66. Komwihangilo, D.M., Lekule, F.P., Mgheni, D.M., Petersen, P.H., Mtenga, L.A., Kajembe, G.C. and Kurwijila, R.L. (2007). Empirical assessment of short-term preferences of tropical forages by crossbred bull calves. African Journal of Agricultural Research: 2 (11): 558 – 564
  67. Mwilawa, A.J, Komwihangilo, D.M. and Kusekwa, M. L. (2008). Conservation of forage resource for increasing livestock production in traditional forage reserves in Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology, 46 (Suppl. 1), 85 – 89
  68. Komwihangilo, D.M., Mkonyi, J.I., Masao, D. F., Moto, E., Mahiza, A.M.O. and Mnzava V. (2009). Performance and challenges in the management of improved cattle in agropastoral systems of Central Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Vol. 21 No.5 (Article #75). http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd21/5/komw21075.htm
  69. Kiogora D. S., Njoka E. M., Khaemba J. M., Komwihangilo D. M. and Max R. A. (2011). Anthropogenic Factors influencing the Ruminant Food Chain in Lake Victorian Basin. International Journal of Professional Practice  Vol. 2 Issue 4: 321-331
  70. Komwihangilo, D. M and Mlela, J. L. (2012) Social and economic feasibility of using selected indigenous browses as protein supplements for goats in Central Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development Vol. 24 No.7((Article # 108) http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd24/7/komw24108.htm
  71. Chenyambuga, S.W., Komwihangilo, D. M., Jackson, M. (2012) Production performance and desirable traits of Small East African goats in semi-arid areas of Central Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development Vol. 24 No.7((Article # 118) http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd24/7/chen24118.htm
  72. Komwihangilo, D. M., Jackson, M., Munishi, Y. and Liheta, B. S.A. (2012). Situational analysis of smallholder goat production and marketing in Central Tanzania point towards the establishment of farmers’ groups. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Vol. 4 (12): 356 – 364 http://www.academcjournals.org/jaerd/E-books/2012/july/JAERD-%2011%july,%202012
  73. Chenyambuga, S.W., Jackson, M.,   Ndemanisho, E.E and Komwihangilo, D.M. (2014) Profitability and contribution of small-scale dairy goat production to income of smallholder farmers in Babati and Kongwa districts, Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 26(2). http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd26/2/chen26027.html
  74. Jackson, M.,  Chenyambuga, S.W., Ndemanisho, E.E and Komwihangilo, D.M. (2014) Production performance of Toggenburg dairy goats in semi-arid and sub-humid areas of Tanzaniahttp.Livestock Research for Rural Development, 26(2) http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd26/2/jack26030.htm
  75. Komwihangilo,D.M., Meutchiye, F. Urassa, N.S., Chang’a, E., Kasilima, C.S., Msaka, L.F and Shirima, E.J.M. (2016). Non-conventional livestock for better livelihood: Prospects of domestic cavy in mixed production systems of Tanzania. Journal of the Open University of Tanzania, Vol 22: 59 – 69
  76. Chawala, A.R., Banos, G., Komwihangilo, D.M., Peters, A. and Chagunda , M.G.G (2017) Phenotypic and genetic parameters for selected production and reproduction traits of Mpwapwa cattle in low-input production systems, South African Journal of Animal Science 47(3): 307 – 319
  77. Komwihangilo, D.M. (1993) Sheep and goats in Central Tanzania. Tanzania Research and Training Newsletter. Vol. VIII Nos. 3 – 4. Ministry of Agriculture. Department of Research and Training (DRT), Dar es Salaam
  78. Komwihangilo, D.M. (1994) Behaviour of sheep and goats on stall-feeding conditions. Tanzania Research and Training Newsletter. Vol. IX Nos. 1/2: 24 – 27. Ministry of Agriculture. DRT, Dar es Salaam
  79. Komwihangilo, D.M., Deaville, E.R., Givens, D.I and Owen, E (1998) Relationship between in vitro solubility and rumen degradability of forage nitrogen. In: In vitro techniques for measuring nutrient supply to ruminants. An International Symposium 8 – 10 July 1997, University of Reading. (Edited by E.R. Deaville; E. Owen; A.T.  Adesogan; C. Rymer; J.A. Huntington and T.L.J. Lawrence). Occasional Publication No. 22 – British Society of Animal Science (BSAS, 1998): pp 344 – 345
  80. Komwihangilo, D.M., R.A. Max, E.M. Njoka and J.K. Masinde (2008). Characterization of undesirable substances in ruminant feeds in the urban and peri-urban areas of Mwanza, Tanzania: Preliminary results. VicRes Newsletter Issue 5 Jan – April, 2008, pp 11 – 13.
  81. Komwihangilo, D.M. (2005). Empirical verification of local knowledge in the description of nutritive value of forages in mixed farming systems of Turiani, Morogoro, Tanzania. PhD Thesis. Submitted to the Department of Animal Science and Production, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania. 315pp
  82. Komwihangilo, D.M (1997) Evaluation of the protein fractions in forages using alternative techniques. MPhil. Thesis. University of Reading, United Kingdom. 90 pp
  83. Komwihangilo, D.M. (1991). Selectivity by sheep and goats in some multipurpose trees. BSc. Special Project. Department of Animal Science and Production, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania
  84. Kizima Jonas B, Sally Bunning, Joseph Anania Bizima, Fidelis B. Kaihura, Wilson Bamwerinde, Salvator Ndabirorere, Emmanuel Muligirwa, Venuste G.Rusharaza ( 2017). Transboundary issues on land degradation related to livestock management and movements across the Kagera River Basin. In FAO 2017. Sustainable Land Management (SLM) in practice in the Kagera Basin. Lessons learned for scaling up at landscape level – Results of the Kagera Transboundary Agro-ecosystem Management. Project (Kagera TAMP). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy. 440 pp. http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6085e.pdf
  85. Fidelis B. Kaihura, Jonas B. Kizima, Wilson Bamwerinde, Salvator Ndabirorere, Emmanuel Muligirwa, Venuste.G.Rusharaza. (2017). Rehabilitation of degraded rangeland pastures caused by transboundary livestock movements. In FAO 2017. Sustainable Land Management (SLM) in practice in the Kagera Basin. Lessons learned for scaling up at landscape level – Results of the Kagera Transboundary Agro-ecosystem Management. Project (Kagera TAMP). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy. 440 pp. http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6085e.pdf
  86. Kizima J B, Mtengeti E.J and Nchimbi-Msolla S (2015). Seed yield and vegetation characteristics of Cenchrus Ciliaris as influenced by fertilizer levels, row spacing, cutting height and season. . Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 26, Article #148.  http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd26/8/kizi26148.htm
  87. Kizima J B, Mtengeti E J and Nchimbi-Msolla S (2013): Viability status of Cenchrus ciliaris seeds in the three farms of the sub-humid eastern agro-ecological zone of Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 25, Article #85  http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd25/5/kizi25085.htm
  88. P.Y. Kavana, J.B. Kizima and Y.N. Msanga (2005). Evaluation of grazing pattern and   Sustainability of feed resources in pastoral areas of eastern zone of Tanzania. Livestock  Research for Rural Development. Vol. 17, Art # 5.  http://www.cipav.org.co/lrrd/lrrd 17/1/kava17005.htm
  89. Kavana P Y, Kizima J B, Msanga Y N, Kilongozi N B, Msangi B S J, Kadeng’uka L A,       Mngulu S and Shimba P K (2005): Potential of pasture and forage for ruminant production in       Eastern zone of Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 17, Article        #144.  http://www.cipav.org.co/lrrd/lrrd17/12/kava17144.htm
  90. Munisi, W.G., Katule, A.M. and Mbaga, S.H. (2015). Comparative growth performance and livability of exotic, indigenous chickens and their crosses in Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 27, Article No. 66. Available online at http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd27/4/muni27066.htm]
  91. Munisi, W.G., Katule, A.M. and Mbaga, S.H. (2015). Additive, Heterosis and Reciprocal effects of Exotic x Indigenous crossbred chickens in Tanzania on egg production and quality. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 27, Article No. 161. Available online at http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd27/8/muni 27161.htm]
  92. Munisi, W.G., Mbaga, S.H. and Katule, A.M (2015). Evaluation of growth characteristics of parental, F1, F2 and backcross chickens resulting from broiler and Black Australorp stocks in Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 27, Article No 235. Available online at http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd 27/12/muni27235.htm]
  93. Munisi, W. G.; Katule, A. M and Mbaga, S. H. (2016). Comparisons of egg production and quality traits of parental and crosses of broiler and Black Australorp chickens in Tanzania. Livestock Researchfor Rural Development. Volume 28, Article No 111. Available online at http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd28/6/muni28111 .html
  94. Wassena, F.J., Mangesho, W.E., Chawala, A., Laswai, G.H., Bwire, J.M.N., Kimambo, A.E.,Maass, B.L. and Lukuyu, B. (2015). Effects of season and location on cattle milk produced and milk prices in selected villages of Tanga and Morogoro Regions. Livestock Research for Rural Development 27(10) 2015
  95. Mangesho, W. E., Kurwijila, L.R.  and D.D. Shirima (2017). Leguminous fodder trees as protein source and carbon sink in smallholder dairy production systems in Muheza District, Tanga Region, Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development – October issue
  96. P L Mwambene1, A. Chawala2, E Illatsia2, S M Das3, B Tungu2 and R Loina5 (2014). Selecting indigenous cattle populations for improving dairy production in the Southern Highlands and Eastern Tanzania. Paper in Livestock Research for Rural Development 26 (3) 2014
  97. Kizima J B, Mtengeti E J and Nchimbi-Msolla S (2013). Viability status of Cenchrus ciliaris seeds in the three farms of the sub-humid eastern agro-ecological zone of Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 25, Article #85 http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd25/5/kizi25085.htm
  98. Kizima J B, Mtengeti E.J and Nchimbi-Msolla S (2014). Seed yield and vegetation characteristics of Cenchrus Ciliaris as influenced by fertilizer levels, row spacing, cutting height and season. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 26, Article #148.
  99. http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd26/8/kizi26148.htm Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 26, Article #148. http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd26/8/kizi26148.htm
  100. Chawala, A.R., Banos, G., Komwihangilo, D.M., Peters, A. and Chagunda, M.G.G. (2017) Phenotypic and genetic parameters for selected production and reproduction traits of Mpwapwa cattle in low-input production systems. South African Journal of Animal Science, 47:3, pp.307-319. ISSN 0375-1589.
  101. Chawala, A.R., Banos, G., Peters, A. and Chagunda, M.G.G. (2017) Genetic parameters for production and reproduction traits of the dairy Mpwapwa cattle breed performing in a low input system. The Future of Animal Science: BSAS Annual Conference 2017 University of Chester 26-27 April 2017.
  102. Wassena F J, Mangesho W E, Chawala A, Laswai G H, Bwire J M N, Kimambo A E, Lukuyu B, Sikumba G and Maass B L 2015Effects of season and location on cattle milk produced and producer milk prices in selected villages of Tanga and Morogoro Regions, Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 27, Article #191. Retrieved February 8, 2017, from http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd27/10/wass27191.html:
  103. Mwambene P L, Chawala A, Illatsia E, Das S M, Tungu B and Loina R 2014: Selecting indigenous cattle populations for improving dairy production in the Southern Highlands and Eastern Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 26, Article #46. Retrieved April 17, 2014, fromhttp://www.lrrd.org/lrrd26/3/mwam26046.htm.
  104. AR Chawala , N Lopez-Villalobos , JK Margerison & RJ Spelman (2013): Genetic and crossbreeding parameters for incidence of recorded clinical lameness in New Zealand dairy cattle, New Zealand Veterinary Journal, DOI:10.1080/00480169.2013.76375.
  105. Kimbi E.C., Mlangwa J., and Thamsborg S.M, Mejer H and Lekule F.P. Characteristics of Smallholder Pig Marketing Systems in the Southern Highlands of Tanzania. Journal of Natural Science Research 6 (4) 87 – 95. http://jnsnet.info
  106. Kabululu, M.L., Ngowi, H.A., Kimera, S.I., Lekule, F.P., Kimbi, E.C., Johansen, M.V. Effectiveness of an integrated pig management intervention in the control of pig parasitoses in Mbeya Region, Tanzania. Acta Tropica. elsevier.com/locate/actatropica
  107. Komwihangilo et al, Non-Conventional Livestock for Better Livelihood: Prospects of Domestic Cavy in Mixed Production Systems of Tanzania. Huria Journal Vol 22. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/huria/article
  108. E. Mlimbe, E. E. Ndemanisho and A. Mzula: In vitro activity of Allium sativum and Aloe vera extract against Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Gallinarum. Huria Journal Vol 22. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/huria/article
  109. Chawala A.R., G. Banos D.M. Komwihangilo Peters & M.G.G Chagunda: Phenotypic and genetic parameters for selected production and reproduction traits of Mpwapwa cattle in low-input production systems. South African Journal of Animal Science 2017, 47 (No. 3). http://www.sasas.co.za
  110. Munisi, W. G.; Katule, A. M. and Mbaga, S. H: Comparisons of egg production and quality traits of parental and crosses of broiler and Black Australorp chickens in Tanzania: Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 28, Article No 111: http://www.lrrd.org
  111. Germinus Bahati Tungu, George Cesilius Kifaro and Angaza Amos Gimbi (2017). Performance of indigenous sheep in the agro-pastoral farming system of Tanzan ia: A case of Mpwapwa district, International Journal of VeterinarySciences and Animal Husbandry
  112. 2017; vol 2 issue 2 / PartA / 1-3-29-640. Pages: [05-10]. http://www.veterinarypaper.com
  113. Germinus Tungu, George Kifaro, Angaza Gimbi. Socio-economic constraints affecting performance of traditional sheep systems of Tanzania: A case of Mpwapwa and Longido districts, Tanzania. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 6, Issue 9, September 2016 308 ISSN 2250 -3153. http://www.ijsrp.org
  114. P L Mwambene, A. Chawala, E. Illatsia, S. M Das, B. Tungu and R. Loina. Selecting indigenous cattle populations for improving dairy production in the Southern Highlands and Eastern Tanzania Livestock Research for Rural Development 26 (3) 2014. http://www.lrrd.org
  115. Urassa, N.S., Mvena, Z.S.K and Shirima, E.M. (2017). Extent to which Cell phones Enhance Market Information Sharing for Beef Cattle Smallholders in Mpwapwa District, Tanzania. The International Journal of Humanities & Social Studies (Theijhss) Volume 5 Issue3 March 2017 (157-169) http://theijhss.com
  116. Urassa, N.S. and Mvena, Z.S.K (2016). Determinants of the Use of Cell phones in Access to Beef Cattle Market Information for Smallholders in Mpwapwa District, Tanzania. Huria Journal of Open University of Tanzania (Journal) Volume 22http://www.out.ac.tz
  117. Komwihangilo, D.M., Meutchieye, F .and Urassa, N.S., Chang’a E. Kasilima, C. and Msaka, L.F. (2016). Non Conventional Livestock for Better Livelihood: Prospects of Domestic Cavy in Mixed Production Systems of Tanzania. Huria Journal of Open University of Tanzania (Journal) Volume 22http://www.out.ac.tz
  118. Urassa, N.S. and Mvena, Z.S.K (2016). The use of cellphones in sharing market information among beef cattle smallholders in Mpwapwa District Journal of Continuing Education and Extension (JCEE), Volume 6, Issue 1, 2016.http://www.suanet.ac.tz
  119. Mwatawala, H.W, Malinjanga E. M: Ethno-Veterinary Practices among Agro-Pastoralists in Central Tanzania: Scholars Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences. Apr-May 2016; 3(3):251-256: http://saspjournals.com/sjavs
  120. M Magonka, D.S Sendalo, E.H Goromela, P.B Malingira and Daniel, E (2016). Production Performance of Indigenous Chicken under semi intensive system management conditions in Central Tanzania.Journal of the Open University of Tanzania, Vol 22: 82- 89: https://www.ajol.info/index.php/huria/article
  121. M Jackson, S .W. Chenyambuga, E E Ndemanisho and D M Komwihangilo (2014). Production performance of Toggenburg dairy goats in semi-arid and sub-humid areas of Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development. 26 (2) 2014: http://www.lrrd.org
  122. Kuwi, S.O; Martina Kyalo; Collins Mutai; Angelo Mwilawa; Jean Hanson; Appolinaire Djikeng and Sita Ghimire.: Genetic diversity and population structure of Brachiaria accessions from Tanzania using simple sequence repeats (SSR).: Brazilian journal of botany:https://link.springer.com.
  123. Charles Mpemba, Germana H Laswai and Abiliza E Kimambo Comparison of rumen liquor from fistulated and slaughtered cattle in determination of in vitro digestibility of ruminant feeds http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd30/1/char30011.html